Type 1 and Type 2 and both are chronic diseases which have a bad impact on the way your body produces and controls glucose or blood sugar.
Glucose is the fuel which feeds the cells of your body but in order to enter the cells, it needs insulin.
People who are suffering from Type 1 diabetes don’t produce insulin and it can be said that they don’t produce the key ingredient which takes glucose into your body cells.
On the other hand, people with Type 2 diabetes lose the ability to respond to insulin in a way they should and eventually they even don’t make enough insulin. So, they have a broken key.
Both kinds of diabetes can lead to high levels of blood sugar and this boosts the risk of complications related to diabetes.
Symptoms of diabetes + what you should be aware of.
If you don’t control it, both kinds of diabetes have similar symptoms which might include:
- Frequent urination
- Feeling extremely hungry
- Feeling thirsty and drinking
- Feeling tired
- Sores or cuts which don’t heal properly
- Blurred vision
People who are suffering from mood swings and irritability can be diagnosed with Type 1 diabetes and they can even lose weight unintentionally.
Type 2 diabetes can show symptoms like tingling in their feet and hands and numbness.
Though there are some common symptoms related to both Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes, yet they present in various ways.
There are many who have Type 2 diabetes for a long time without any kinds of symptoms.
Often, the symptoms of Type 2 diabetes develop through a period and at the same time there are many with Type 2 diabetes patients who have no symptoms and don’t discover the condition until the development of complications.
The Type 1 diabetes symptoms develop very soon and may be typically throughout a course of few weeks.
Type 1 diabetes was once called juvenile diabetes and this develops either during adolescence or childhood.
Causes of Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes
Although they have similar names, they are pretty different from each other. Here are the causes of both Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes.
Type 1: The immune system of your body fights against foreign invaders like bacteria and malicious viruses. When a person has Type 1 diabetes, the immune system of the body mistakes the healthy cells of the body for foreign intruders and hence demolishes the beta-cells which produce insulin. Once these cells are damaged, they stop producing insulin.
Type 2: People with Type 2 diabetes have insulin resistance where their body produces insulin but the body is not able to use it in a proper manner. There have been many researchers who are still not sure about how people become insulin resistant and how some don’t. However, there are some lifestyle factors like inactivity and excess weight which contribute.
Risk factors for Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes
If you’re not aware of the risk factors of Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes, they may include:
- Age: Type 1 diabetes can attack you at any age and it is seen to be most common among adolescents and children
- Family history: People with a sibling or a parent with Type 1 diabetes have high risk of developing it
- Geography: The farther you are from the equator, the occurence of Type 1 diabetes increases.
If you’re someone who is wondering about the different ways in which you can prevent diabetes, start meeting your doctor and discussing things with him. Diabetes is a silent killer and hence the sooner it is treated, the better for you.
Learn how MedHealth can test you for diabetes today. Call (334) 229-9955.